To enhance opportunities for students and ensure that resources are distributed equitably, the Every Student Succeeds Act creates a pilot program for locally-developed funding formulas that drive more dollars to the students most in need.
- Gives local educational agencies (initially, up to 50 approved by the U.S. Secretary of Education) flexibility to consolidate a significant share of state and local education funding, along with certain federal dollars, to create a single school funding system based on weighted per-pupil allocations for low-income students, students with disabilities, English-language learners, and otherwise disadvantaged students
- Requires local educational agencies to use weights that allocate substantially more funding to educationally disadvantaged students than to other students
- Protects high-poverty schools by ensuring that they receive more per-pupil funding under a demonstration agreement than they received the prior year
- Provides that weighted student formulas (WSFs) must be based on actual per-pupil expenditures—personnel and non-personnel—to ensure equitable support for high-need schools
- Requires local educational agencies to provide assurances that they developed—and will implement—their demonstration proposals in consultation with teachers, parents, community leaders, and other stakeholders
- Money does NOT follow students (i.e., no “portability” or “backpack funding”)