The Every Student Succeeds Act, to help ensure opportunity for all students regardless of ZIP code, requires state accountability systems to include at least one “Opportunity Dashboard” indicator of school quality or student success.
- Under ESSA, state-designed accountability systems must include the following indicators:
- Math, reading assessments
- Graduation rates
- Another statewide indicator for middle and elementary schools
- English language proficiency
- At least one indicator of school quality and student support (the “Opportunity Dashboard” Indicator), such as:
- Student engagement;
- Educator engagement;
- Student access to and completion of advanced coursework;
- Post-secondary readiness;
- School climate and safety; and
- Any other state-chosen indicator that allows for meaningful differentiation of school performance, and is valid, reliable, comparable, and statewide
- Every year, the state must meaningfully differentiate all public schools in the state based on ALL of the indicators it includes in its accountability system, for all students and for each subgroup of students. States have a great deal of discretion over these indicators, and states also have the flexibility to determine the weights assigned to each indicator for the purposes of differentiation, so long as Indicators 1-4 weigh more in the aggregate than Indicator(s) 5. States must also differentiate any school in which any subgroup of students is consistently under-performing, as determined by the state, based on all the indicators.
- States must collect and report on the indicators in its accountability system, disaggregated by student subgroup, and should quickly remedy any gaps in the resources, supports, and programs. The subgroups of students are: 1) economically disadvantaged students; 2) students from major racial and ethnic groups; 3) children with disabilities; and 4) English Learners.
- Feasibility: All of the examples of indicators of school quality and student success can be measured and disaggregated by these four student subgroups.
- As educators, parents, community leaders, and policymakers grapple with selecting the right mix of Opportunity Dashboard Indicators to add to states’ accountability systems, examples of these indicators can be found in NEA’s Opportunity Dashboard.
|STUDENT SUCCESS||QUALITY EDUCATORS||QUALITY SCHOOLS|
|Student attendance (elementary and middle school)||Students’ access to fully qualified teachers, including Board-certified teachers||Students' access to modern materials, facilities, technology, books, and libraries|
|Graduation rate (high schools)||Students' access to qualified paraeducators||Students' access to class sizes that allow for one-on-one attention|
|School climate index (such as bullying intervention and prevention, positive behavioral supports, parent and student surveys, and restorative justice practices)||Students’ access to optimal ratios of specialized instructional support personnel (school counselors, social workers, nurses, psychologists)||Students’ access to health and wellness programs, including social and emotional well-being|
|School discipline policies and the disparate impact on students of color, students with disabilities, and students that identify as LGBT||Students’ access to fully qualified school librarians/media specialists||Students’ access to high-quality early education programs|
|Appropriate assessment system||Quality professional development for all educators, including education support professionals||Students’ access to full-day, five-day- a-week kindergarten|
|Students’ success in advanced coursework (AP/IB, honors, dual enrollment, college gateway math, science classes)||Fully funded mentoring and induction support for educators||Family and community engagement|
|Students prepared for college or career technical education certification programs without need for remediation or learning support courses||Opportunities for job-embedded collaboration||Students’ access to and success in advanced coursework (AP/IB, honors, dual enrollment)|
|Percentage of teachers who are teaching outside of their field||Students’ access to fine arts, foreign language, daily physical education, library/media studies, and career technical education|
|Percentage of teachers who leave the profession within their first three years|
|Educators empowered to make site- based decisions|